Introduction: Concerns were raised about the accuracy of pencil beam (PB) calculation and potential underdosing of medically inoperable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). From our institutional series, we designed a matched-pair study where each local failure and controlled patient was matched based upon several clinical factors, to investigate the dose difference between the matched-pair. Methods: Eighteen pairs of NSCLC patients, treated with 50 Gy in five fractions, were selected. These patients were matched based on treatment intent, tumour size, histology and clinical follow-up. All PB calculated clinical plans were retrospectively recalculated with a MC algorithm. The D99 and DM ean of the gross tumour volume (GTV) and D95 and DM ean of the planning tumour volume (PTV) from PB and Monte Carlo (MC) calculation were compared between local failures and controls using the Mann–Whitney test. Results: The mean PB calculated D95 of PTV was 50.4 Gy for both failures and controls (P = 0.85), indicating no planning differences between the groups. From MC calculations, the mean (±SD) of GTV D99, GTV DM ean, PTV D95, PTV DM ean were 47.6 ± 2.6/46.3 ± 2.4, 50.4 ± 2.1/49.8 ± 1.6, 44.4 ± 2.7/43.6 ± 3.1, 48.7 ± 2.4/48.2 ± 2.4 Gy for failure/controlled groups, respectively, and there was no significant difference between two groups (all P > 0.1). The dose differences between MC and PB calculations were in agreement with other literatures and there was no significant difference between two groups. Conclusions: While PB algorithms may overestimate tumour doses relative to MC algorithms, our matched-pair study did not find dose differences between local failure and local controlled cases.
- lung cancer
- monte carlo
- pencil beam
- stereotactic body radiation therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging