Edward Gantt (1742–1837): US senate chaplain and first White House physician to Thomas Jefferson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


In his long and eventful life, Edward Gantt (1742–1837) made important contributions to the newly independent American Republic, as well as to the development of scientific evidence-based American medicine. Unfortunately, his achievements have gone unrecognized and unreported in mainstream historical publications. Specifically, his service as the first designated White House doctor, and personal physician to President Thomas Jefferson from 1801 to 1809 has not been reported. The purpose of this paper is to document the biographical and scientific details of his extraordinary life and notable contributions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-160
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Medical Biography
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2017



  • Chesapeake
  • Maryland
  • smallpox
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • White House physician

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • History and Philosophy of Science

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