ICD Therapies and Mortality in OMNI Background Analyses from primary prevention trials on implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy have shown an association between shocks and increased mortality. Recent data suggest a similar association with antitachycardia pacing (ATP). Objective The OMNI study is an observational study of pacemaker and ICD use. We aim to examine associations between ICD therapies and mortality in this setting. Methods A total of 2,255 OMNI patients with ICDs were included. Treated episodes were classified as appropriate or inappropriate. Patients were assigned into 1 of 3 groups depending on whether the episode required ATP only, single shock, or multiple shocks, and then followed for all-cause mortality. Additionally, we aimed to determine the frequency with which inappropriate ATP precipitated ventricular arrhythmias that led to shock, since this has been suggested as a mechanism of harm. Results Over a mean follow-up of 39 ± 19 months, there were a total of 470 deaths (21%). Compared to patients with no treated episodes, patients with appropriate therapy had greater risk of death. Hazard ratios were 1.46 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.05-2.02; P = 0.023) for the ATP-only group, 2.11 (95% CI 1.51-2.96; P <0.001) for the single-shock group, and 2.55 (95% CI 1.43-4.57; P = 0.002) for the multishock group. There was no significant association between any type of inappropriate therapy and increased mortality. We identified only 7 instances of inappropriate ATP precipitating ventricular arrhythmia resulting in shock. Conclusions Patients receiving appropriate therapy of all types had increased mortality compared to those with no episodes. Furthermore, inappropriate ATP rarely precipitates ventricular arrhythmias.
- antitachycardia pacing
- ICD therapy
- implantable cardioverter defibrillator
- OMNI trial
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)