Effect of Na-butyrate supplementation on electromicroscopy, virulence gene expression analysis and gut integrity of experimentally induced salmonella enteritidis in broiler chickens

M. H.H. Awaad, Wafaa A.Abd El-Ghany, S. A. Nasef, Medhat S. El-Halawany, Faten F. Mohamed, Ahmed F. Gaber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The efficacy of microencapsulated Na-butyrate (NaB) supplementation for reducing Salmonella enteritidis(S. enteritidis) infection was investigated. Methodology: One day old broiler chicks (n = 200) were allotted into 4 equal groups. At 2nd day of age, birds of groups 3 and 4 were challenged by crop gavage with 5X108CFU mL-1 of 5. enteritidis. Groups 2 and 3 were supplemented with NaB diet while 1 and 4 were fed on a plain ration without treatment. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) of re-isolated S. enteritidis of challenged NaB treated broilers revealed broken cells with morphological changes in comparison with untreated challenged group, however, Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) showed several lipids like bodies that barely detected in untreated group. Results: Results from Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) analyses revealed that S. enteritidis strain from untreated challenged control harbored virulence genes invk, stn and pefk with incidence rate of 100%. While, NaB supplementation resulted in detection of 100% of invk gene and only 66.6% of pefk and stn genes. Gut integrity of NaB supplemented groups showed significant (p≤0.05) increase in villi height and villus height: crypt depth ratio and had positive effect in maintenance of healthy intestinal epithelial cells. Conclusion: NaB supplement is effective in reducing S. enteritidis in chickens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)126-133
Number of pages8
JournalAsian Journal of Poultry Science
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Butyrate
  • Chickens
  • Electron microscopy
  • PCR
  • Salmonella

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology

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