Effect of obesity on conversion of plasma androstenedione to estrone in postmenopausal women with and without endometrial cancer

P. C. MacDonald, C. D. Edman, D. L. Hemsell, J. C. Porter, P. K. Siiteri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

392 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to ascertain if a relationship exists between the transfer constant of conversion of plasma androstenedione to estrone ([ρ{variant}]BUAE1) and total body weight or excessive body weight in 50 postmenopausal women, of whom 25 had adenocarcinoma of the endometrium and 25 had no endometrial disease. The [ρ{variant}]BUAE1 ranged from 0.015 to 0.129 in these 50 women. The [ρ{variant}]BUAE1 in the women with endometrial cancer was 0.051 ± 0.006 (mean ± S.E.), whereas that in the women with no endometrial disease was 0.039 ± 0.004. These values are not significantly different (p > 0.05). The body weights of these 50 women ranged from 104 to 430 pounds. The weight of the patients with endometrial cancer was 234 ± 16 pounds (mean ± S.E.), and that for the women with no endometrial disease was 194 ± 12 pounds. A statistically significant correlation (p < 0.001) was found between [ρ{variant}]BUAE1 and body weight and between [ρ{variant}]BUAE1 and excessive body weight in both groups of women. Moreover, obesity and aging appear to act in concert to potentiate the conversion of plasma androstenedione to estrone in extraglandular sites since the [ρ{variant}]BUAE1 is considerably greater among obese postmenopausal women than among comparably obese premenopausal women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)448-455
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Volume130
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 1978

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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