Effects of Chronic Ethanol Exposure on Cardiac Receptor‐Adenylyl Cyclase Coupling: Studies in Cultured Embryonic Chick Myocytes and Ethanol Fed Rats

R. S. Blumenthal, I. W. Flinn, O. Proske, D. G. Jackson, R. G. Tena, M. C. Mitchell, A. M. Feldman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ethanol effects in the brain appear to be mediated at least in part by an alteration In receptor‐effector coupling via guanine nucleotide‐binding regulatory proteins (G proteins). To test the hypothesis that a similar pathway participates in the cardlotoxic effects of ethanol, we assessed the effects of chronic ethanol on two commonly used experimental models: embryonic chick myocytes in culture and ven tricular myocardium from chronically fed rats. Ethanol had no effect on either the function or quantity of G proteins as assessed by effector‐stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity and the levels of ADP‐ribosylation substrates. In contrast, effector‐stimulated adenylyl cy clase activity was significantly altered in the liver of ethanol‐fed rats. These results suggest that receptor‐effector coupling via G proteins in our two cardiac models is insensitive to ethanol and that ethanol effects may be species or organ specific.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1077-1083
Number of pages7
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1991

Keywords

  • Adenylyl Cyclase
  • Ethanol
  • G Protein
  • Myocardial Function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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