Effects of Intravenous Fluid Restriction on Postoperative Complications: Comparison of Two Perioperative Fluid Regimens

R. James Valentine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The authors investigated whether the weight gain following fluid administration in major surgery increases postoperative complications or results in poor survival. The authors conducted a blinded, randomized, multicenter trial. Elective colorectal surgery patients (N = 141) were placed in either a standard intraoperative and postoperative intravenous fluid regimen or a restricted regimen that aimed at maintaining preoperative body weight. The restrictive intravenous fluid regimen significantly reduced postoperative complications, including cardiopulmonary and tissue-healing complications. Four deaths occurred in the group that received the standard fluid regimen, no patients died in the group that received the restricted regimen. The authors concluded that a fluid regimen that seeks to maintain an unchanged body weight reduces complications after elective colorectal surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)330-331
Number of pages2
JournalPerspectives in Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004

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Colorectal Surgery
Body Weight
Multicenter Studies
Weight Gain
Survival

Keywords

  • elective colorectal surgery
  • fluid-restricted regi-men
  • postoperative complications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

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