Eicosanoid regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor expression and angiogenesis in microvessel endothelial cells

Alexander Mezentsev, Francesca Seta, Michael W. Dunn, Naoya Ono, John R. Falck, Michal Laniado-Schwartzman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

12(R)-Hydroxy-5,8,14-eicosatrienoic acid (HETrE) is a potent inflammatory and angiogenic eicosanoid in ocular and dermal tissues. Previous studies suggested that 12(R)-HETrE activates microvessel endothelial cells via a high affinity binding site; however, the cellular mechanisms underlying 12(R)-HETrE angiogenic activity are unexplored. Because the synthesis of 12(R)-HETrE is induced in response to hypoxic injury, we examined its interactions with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in rabbit limbal microvessel endothelial cells. Addition of 12(R)-HETrE (0.1 nM) to the cells increased VEGF mRNA levels with maximum 5-fold increase at 45 min. The increase in VEGF mRNA was followed by an increase in immunoreactive VEGF protein. 12(R)-HETrE (0.1 nM) rapidly activated the extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs) ERK1 and ERK2. Moreover, preincubation of cells with PD98059, a selective inhibitor of MEK-1, inhibited 12(R)-HETrE-induced VEGF mRNA. Addition of VEGF antibody to cells grown in Matrigel-coated culture plates inhibited 12(R)-HETrE-induced capillary tube-like formation, suggesting that VEGF mediates, at least in part, the angiogenic response to 12(R)-HETrE. The results indicate that in microvessel endothelial cells, 12(R)-HETrE induces VEGF expression via activation of ERK1/2 and that VEGF mediates, at least in part, the angiogenic activity of 12(R)-HETrE. Given the fact that both VEGF and 12(R)-HETrE are produced in the cornea after hypoxic injury, their interaction may be an important determinant in the development of neovascularized tissues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18670-18676
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume277
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - May 24 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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