Elective versus emergency surgery for ulcerative colitis: A National Surgical Quality Improvement Program analysis

Supriya S. Patel, Madhukar S. Patel, Melanie Goldfarb, Adrian Ortega, Glenn T. Ault, Andreas M. Kaiser, Anthony J. Senagore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: It is unclear whether advances in the medical management of ulcerative colitis (UC) have altered outcomes for medically intractable disease. Therefore, it is essential to understand the current impact of elective versus emergency surgery for UC. Methods: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was used to compare outcomes for elective versus emergency UC surgery between 2005 and 2010. Results: Four thousand nine hundred sixty-two patients were eligible for study (94% elective and 6% emergent). Emergency surgery patients were significantly older and frequently underwent open surgery. Emergency cases were associated with a higher frequency of cardiac, pulmonary, and renal comorbidities; postoperative complications; longer hospital stays; and higher rates of return to the operating room. Conclusions: In the era of advanced UC medical therapy, the need for emergency surgery still exists and is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Data are needed to determine if earlier selection of surgery would be beneficial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)333-338
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Volume205
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Elective
  • Emergency
  • Medical therapy
  • Surgery
  • Ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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