Electronic Mental Health Screening in a Pediatric Heart Failure and Transplant Clinic

Corinne M. Anton, Morgan B. Drake, Ryan Butts, Thi Cao, Afsaneh Rezaeizadeh, Madhukar H. Trivedi, Kelli Nicole Triplett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Adults with heart failure and transplant are at increased risk for psychiatric comorbidities. The prevalence and impact of psychiatric comorbidities have not been well studied in pediatric heart failure and transplant. This quality improvement project sought to evaluate the feasibility of utilizing electronic mental health screening measures during pediatric heart failure and transplant clinics and to explore the prevalence and severity of self-reported depressive, anxiety, and suicidal ideation symptoms. Patients aged 11 years and older who presented to a pediatric heart failure and transplant clinic were administered the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7). Medical chart review and a survey were used to examine additional variables of interest. There were no significant differences in moderate and severe mental health symptoms between gender, medical diagnoses, or those with recent hospitalizations. Pediatric patients with heart failure or transplant reported higher prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms, and similar suicidal ideation compared to the general adolescent population. Moreover, rates of depression and anxiety symptoms as well as suicidal ideation were comparable to pediatric patients with diabetes, lupus, inflammatory bowel disease, and cystic fibrosis. Results suggest electronic mental health screening is feasible for use during outpatient cardiology clinic visits and provides valuable mental health information.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Pediatric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology

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