Enhancement of skin flap survival using nitroglycerin ointment

R. J. Rohrich, G. W. Cherry, M. Spira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rat and pig skin flaps were used to investigate the effects of topical nitroglycerin ointment on flap survival. Significant increase in flap survival was detected and correlated well with plasma nitroglycerin levels measured during the treatment regimen. The drug was applied 1 hour preoperatively in both models. Recent experimental clinical investigations on the use of pharmacologies for treating failing flaps were reviewed, including the possible mechanism of action of nitroglycerin. Characteristics of an ideal pharmacologic agent for use in the treatment of failing flaps were delineated. Further investigation is warranted to determine the effects of nitroglycerin ointment on various other flaps, including musculocutaneous and free flaps, as well as timing of these applications. All these variables could best be studied in the pig with confirmation of other researchers prior to advocating clinical usage. Until then, the ideal pharmacologic agent for prevention of skin-flap necrosis remains unknown.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)943-948
Number of pages6
JournalPlastic and reconstructive surgery
Volume73
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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