Enhancing latent cognitive capacity in mild cognitive impairment with gist reasoning training: a pilot study

Raksha A. Mudar, Sandra B. Chapman, Audette Rackley, Justin Eroh, Hsueh Sheng Chiang, Alison Perez, Erin Venza, Jeffrey S. Spence

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Cognitive training offers a promising way to mitigate cognitive deterioration in individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This randomized control pilot trial examined the effects of Gist Reasoning Training on cognition as compared with a training involving New Learning in a well-characterized MCI group. Methods: Fifty participants with amnestic MCI were randomly assigned to the experimental Gist Training group or an active control New Learning group. Both groups received 8 h of training over a 4-week period. We compared pre-training with post-training changes in cognitive functions between the two training groups. Results: The Gist Training group showed higher performance in executive function (strategic control and concept abstraction) and memory span compared with the New Learning group. Conversely, the New Learning group showed gains in memory for details. Conclusion: These findings suggest that cognitive training in general yields benefits, and more specifically, training programs that target top–down cognitive functions such as gist reasoning may have a broad impact on improving cognition in MCI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)548-555
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

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Cognition
Learning
Executive Function
Education
Cognitive Dysfunction

Keywords

  • cognitive training
  • executive function
  • gist reasoning
  • MCI
  • memory
  • RCT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Mudar, R. A., Chapman, S. B., Rackley, A., Eroh, J., Chiang, H. S., Perez, A., ... Spence, J. S. (2017). Enhancing latent cognitive capacity in mild cognitive impairment with gist reasoning training: a pilot study. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 32(5), 548-555. https://doi.org/10.1002/gps.4492

Enhancing latent cognitive capacity in mild cognitive impairment with gist reasoning training : a pilot study. / Mudar, Raksha A.; Chapman, Sandra B.; Rackley, Audette; Eroh, Justin; Chiang, Hsueh Sheng; Perez, Alison; Venza, Erin; Spence, Jeffrey S.

In: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, Vol. 32, No. 5, 01.05.2017, p. 548-555.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mudar, RA, Chapman, SB, Rackley, A, Eroh, J, Chiang, HS, Perez, A, Venza, E & Spence, JS 2017, 'Enhancing latent cognitive capacity in mild cognitive impairment with gist reasoning training: a pilot study', International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 548-555. https://doi.org/10.1002/gps.4492
Mudar, Raksha A. ; Chapman, Sandra B. ; Rackley, Audette ; Eroh, Justin ; Chiang, Hsueh Sheng ; Perez, Alison ; Venza, Erin ; Spence, Jeffrey S. / Enhancing latent cognitive capacity in mild cognitive impairment with gist reasoning training : a pilot study. In: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 2017 ; Vol. 32, No. 5. pp. 548-555.
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