Environmental exposure to dioxins, dibenzofurans, bisphenol a, and phthalates in children with and without autism spectrum disorder living near the gulf of Mexico

Mohammad H. Rahbar, Hanes M. Swingle, Mackinsey A. Christian, Manouchehr Hessabi, Minjae Lee, Meagan R. Pitcher, Sean Campbell, Amy Mitchell, Ryan Krone, Katherine A. Loveland, Donald G. Patterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Environmental exposure to organic endocrine disrupting chemicals, including dioxins, dibenzofurans, bisphenol A (BPA), and phthalates has been associated with neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We conducted a pilot monitoring study of 30 ASD cases and 10 typically developing (TD) controls ages 2-8 years from communities along the Gulf of Mexico near Alabama, which houses 14 Superfund sites, to assess the concentrations of dioxins and dibenzofurans in serum, and BPA and phthalate ester metabolites in urine. Based on General Linear Models, the lipid- or creatinine-adjusted geometric mean concentrations of the aforementioned chemicals did not differ between the ASD case and TD control groups (all p ≥ 0.27). We compared our findings to the adjusted means as reported by the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, survey years 2011-2012, and found that TD controls in our study had lower BPA (59%) and MEHHP (26%) concentrations, higher MBP (50%) concentration, and comparable (<20% difference) MEP, MBZP, MEOHP, and MCPP concentrations. We also conducted a preliminary investigation of dietary exposures and found that the consumption of certain types of fish may be associated with higher OCDD concentrations, and the consumption of soft drinks and juices may be associated with lower BPA and MEOHP concentrations, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1425
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume14
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 21 2017

Keywords

  • Bisphenol A
  • Children
  • Dibenzofurans
  • Dioxins
  • Gulf of Mexico
  • Neurodevelopmental disorder
  • Phthalates
  • Rautism spectrum disorder (ASD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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