Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EH) is a rare, low-grade, malignant neoplasm of vascular origin that may develop at different sites, such as in the soft tissue, lungs, or liver. We report the case of a 21-year-old female with primary EH of the liver treated by liver transplantation and review the available literature on EH. This patient developed symptomatic recurrence of the tumor in the pelvis 2 months posttransplant. Treatment with interferon alpha-2b resulted in substantial regression of the pelvic metastases and alleviation of symptoms, but the patient developed graft rejection and died of associated complications 16 months posttransplant. This report is the first showing the efficacy of interferon in this setting.
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