ERCP can be safely and effectively performed by a pediatric gastroenterologist for choledocholithiasis in a pediatric facility

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this study was to demonstrate that an appropriately trained pediatric gastroenterologist can perform endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for suspected choledocholithiasis both safely and effectively. METHODS:: Retrospective analysis of ERCP experience from November 2006 to May 2012. Only ERCPs performed by a pediatric gastroenterologist on pediatric patients for the indication of suspected choledocholithiasis were included for formal chart review. Patient characteristics, procedural success, and adverse events were recorded, and subsequently compared with quality standards as defined by the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Quality Task Force. RESULTS:: A total of 154 ERCPs were performed, of which 65 (42%) were performed on unique patients for the indication of suspected choledocholithiasis. The median age was 15.2 years (range 1 month-18.4 years). The median weight was 65 kg (range 4 - 127 kg). Biliary cannulation was achieved in 65 (100%). All 65 patients underwent sphincterotomy. Ductal clearance was achieved in 64 (98%) patients during the initial ERCP session. Adverse events included 3 (5%) episodes of mild pancreatitis, 1 episode of moderate bleeding, and 1 episode of sphincterotomy clot causing obstruction and need for repeat ERCP within 1 week. Overall, 5 (8%) unique patients experienced a complication. CONCLUSIONS:: Therapeutic ERCP for the indication of choledocholithiasis can be performed by an appropriately trained pediatric gastroenterologist at a pediatric facility with acceptable cannulation rates, stone extraction rates, and adverse event rates as defined by the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Quality Task Force.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)655-658
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition
Volume57
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

Keywords

  • adverse events
  • children
  • choledocholithiasis
  • endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatiography
  • pediatrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Gastroenterology

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