Essential structure of orexin 1 receptor antagonist YNT-707, Part I: Role of the 4,5-epoxy ring for binding with orexin 1 receptor

Naoshi Yamamoto, Sayaka Ohrui, Takahiro Okada, Masahiro Yata, Tsuyoshi Saitoh, Noriki Kutsumura, Yasuyuki Nagumo, Yoko Irukayama-Tomobe, Yasuhiro Ogawa, Yukiko Ishikawa, Yurie Watanabe, Daichi Hayakawa, Hiroaki Gouda, Masashi Yanagisawa, Hiroshi Nagase

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The essential structure of the orexin 1 receptor (OX1R) antagonist YNT-707 (2) was clarified, particularly the roles to OX1R antagonist activities of the 3-OMe, the 4,5-epoxy ring, the 14-hydroxy group, and the orientation of the 6-amide side chain. The 3-OMe and 17-sulfonamide group were shown to be essential for the OX1R antagonistic activity. The 4,5-epoxy ring plays an important role for the active orientation of the 6-amide group. The 14-hydroxy group could lower the activity of the 6β-amide isomer by the interaction of the 14-hydroxy group with the 6-amide group, which could orient the 6-amide group toward the upper side of the C-ring. Finally, we proposed the difference in the active conformation between OX1R and κ opioid receptor (KOR), especially in the orientation of the 6-amide group which is expected to be a useful guide for medicinal chemists to design OX1R ligands.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4176-4179
Number of pages4
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Volume27
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2017

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Keywords

  • 4,5-Epoxy ring
  • Morphinan
  • Nalfurafine
  • Opioid
  • Orexin
  • YNT-707

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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