Evaluation and treatment of respiratory alkalosis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Respiratory alkalosis is the most frequent acid-base disturbance encountered in clinical practice. This is particularly true in critically ill patients, for whom the degree of hypocapnia directly correlates with adverse outcomes. Although this acid-base disturbance often is considered benign, evidence suggests that the alkalemia of primary hypocapnia can cause clinically significant decreases in tissue oxygen delivery. Mild respiratory alkalosis often serves as a marker of an underlying disease and may not require therapeutic intervention. In contrast, severe respiratory alkalosis should be approached with a sense of urgency and be aggressively corrected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)834-838
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Volume60
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2012

Keywords

  • Respiratory alkalosis
  • alkalemia
  • hyperventilation
  • hypocapnia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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