Exercise in Octogenarians: How Much Is Too Little?

Graeme Carrick-Ranson, Erin J. Howden, Benjamin D. Levine

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The global population is rapidly aging, with predictions of many more people living beyond 85 years. Age-related physiological adaptations predispose to decrements in physical function and functional capacity, the rate of which can be accelerated by chronic disease and prolonged physical inactivity. Decrements in physical function exacerbate the risk of chronic disease, disability, dependency, and frailty with advancing age. Regular exercise positively influences health status, physical function, and disease risk in adults of all ages. Herein, we review the role of structured exercise training in the oldest old on cardiorespiratory fitness and muscular strength and power, attributes critical for physical function, mobility, and independent living.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-391
Number of pages15
JournalAnnual review of medicine
Volume73
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Aerobic exercise
  • Aging
  • Cardiorespiratory fitness
  • Exercise dose
  • Muscular power
  • Muscular strength
  • Physical activity
  • Physical function
  • Resistance exercise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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