Expression of LIGHT/TNFSF14 combined with vaccination against human papillomavirus type 16 E7 induces significant tumor regression

Shreya Kanodia, Diane M. Da Silva, Tigran Karamanukyan, Lies Bogaert, Yang Xin Fu, W. Martin Kast

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

LIGHT, a ligand for the lymphotoxin-β receptor, establishes lymphoid-like tissues inside tumor sites and recruits naïve T cells into the tumor. However, whether these infiltrating T cells are specific for tumor antigens is not known. We hypothesized that therapy with LIGHT can expand functional tumor-specific CD8+ T cells that can be boosted using HPV16E6E7-Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus replicon particles (HPV16-VRP) and that this combined therapy can eradicate human papillomavirus 16 (HPV16)-induced tumors. Our data show that forced expression of LIGHT in tumors results in an increase in expression of IFNγ and chemoattractant cytokines such as interleukin-1a, MIG, and macrophage inflammatory protein-2 within the tumor and that this tumor microenvironment correlates with an increase in frequency of tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T cells. Forced expression of LIGHT also results in the expansion of functional T cells that recognize multiple tumor antigens, including HPV16 E7, and these T cells prevent the outgrowth of tumors on secondary challenge. Subsequent boosting of E7-specific T cells by vaccination with HPV16-VRP significantly increases their frequency in both the periphery and the tumor and leads to the eradication of large well-established tumors, for which either treatment alone is not successful. These data establish the safety of Ad-LIGHT as a therapeutic intervention in preclinical studies and suggest that patients with HPV16+ tumors may benefit from combined immunotherapy with LIGHT and antigen-specific vaccination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3955-3964
Number of pages10
JournalCancer research
Volume70
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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