Expression of phosphorylated brd4 is markedly associated with the activation status of the pp2a pathway and shows astrong prognostic value in triple negative breast cancer patients

Marta Sanz-álvarez, Ion Cristóbal, Melani Luque, Andrea Santos, Sandra Zazo, Juan Madoz-Gúrpide, Cristina Caramés, Cheng Ming Chiang, Jesús García-Foncillas, Pilar Eroles, Joan Albanell, Federico Rojo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The bromodomain-containing protein 4 (BRD4), a member of the bromodomain and extra-terminal domain (BET) protein family, has emerged in the last years as a promising molecular target in many tumors including breast cancer. The triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) represents the molecular subtype with the worst prognosis and a current therapeutic challenge, and TNBC cells have been reported to show a preferential sensitivity to BET inhibitors. Interestingly, BRD4 phosphorylation (pBRD4) was found as an alteration that confers resistance to BET inhibition and PP2A proposed as the phosphatase responsible to regulate pBRD4 levels. However, the potential clinical significance of pBRD4, as well as its potential correlation with the PP2A pathway in TNBC, remains to be investigated. Here, we evaluated the expression levels of pBRD4 in a series of 132 TNBC patients. We found high pBRD4 levels in 34.1% of cases (45/132), and this alteration was found to be associated with the development of patient recurrences (p = 0.007). Interestingly, BRD4 hyperphosphorylation predicted significantly shorter overall (p < 0.001) and event-free survival (p < 0.001). Moreover, multivariate analyses were performed to confirm its independent prognostic impact in our cohort. In conclusion, our findings show that BRD4 hyperphosphorylation is an alteration associated with PP2A inhibition that defines a subgroup of TNBC patients with unfavorable prognosis, suggesting the potential clinical and therapeutic usefulness of the PP2A/BRD4 axis as a novel molecular target to overcome resistance to treatments based on BRD4 inhibition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1246
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalCancers
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2 2021

Keywords

  • PBRD4
  • PP2A
  • Prognosis
  • SET
  • Triple negative breast cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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