Failed operative vaginal delivery

James M. Alexander, Kenneth J. Leveno, John C. Hauth, Mark B. Landon, Sharon Gilbert, Catherine Y. Spong, Michael W. Varner, Steve N. Caritis, Paul Meis, Ronald J. Wapner, Yoram Sorokin, Menachem Miodovnik, Mary J. O'Sullivan, Baha M. Sibai, Oded Langer, Steven G. Gabbe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes in women undergoing second-stage cesarean delivery after a trial of operative vaginal delivery with those in women undergoing second-stage cesarean delivery without such an attempt. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of the women who underwent second-stage cesarean delivery. The maternal outcomes examined included blood transfusion, endometritis, wound complication, anesthesia use, and maternal death. Neonatal outcomes examined included umbilical artery pH less than 7.0, Apgar score of 3 or less at 5 minutes, seizures within 24 hours of birth, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, stillbirth, skull fracture, and neonatal death. RESULTS: Of 3,189 women who underwent secondstage cesarean delivery, operative vaginal delivery was attempted in 640. Labor characteristics were similar in the two groups, with the exception of the admission-todelivery time and cesarean indication. Those with an attempted operative vaginal delivery were more likely to undergo cesarean delivery for a nonreassuring fetal heart rate tracing (18.0% compared with 13.9%, P=.01), have a wound complication (2.7% compared with 1.0%, odds ratio [OR] 2.65, 95% confidence interval [Cl] 1.43-4.91), and require general anesthesia (8.0% compared with 4.1%, OR 2.05, 95% Cl 1.44-2.91). Neonatal outcomes, including umbilical artery pH less than 7.0, Apgar score of 3 or less at 5 minutes, and hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, were more common for those with an attempted operative vaginal delivery. This was not significant when cases with a nonreassuring fetal heart rate tracing were removed. CONCLUSION: Cesarean delivery after an attempt at operative vaginal delivery was not associated with adverse neonatal outcomes in the absence of a nonreassuring fetal heart rate tracing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1017-1022
Number of pages6
JournalObstetrics and Gynecology
Volume114
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009

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Fetal Heart Rate
Brain Hypoxia-Ischemia
Umbilical Arteries
Apgar Score
Odds Ratio
Mothers
Skull Fractures
Endometritis
Maternal Death
Stillbirth
Wounds and Injuries
Blood Transfusion
General Anesthesia
Seizures
Anesthesia
Parturition
Confidence Intervals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Alexander, J. M., Leveno, K. J., Hauth, J. C., Landon, M. B., Gilbert, S., Spong, C. Y., ... Gabbe, S. G. (2009). Failed operative vaginal delivery. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 114(5), 1017-1022. https://doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0b013e3181bbf3be

Failed operative vaginal delivery. / Alexander, James M.; Leveno, Kenneth J.; Hauth, John C.; Landon, Mark B.; Gilbert, Sharon; Spong, Catherine Y.; Varner, Michael W.; Caritis, Steve N.; Meis, Paul; Wapner, Ronald J.; Sorokin, Yoram; Miodovnik, Menachem; O'Sullivan, Mary J.; Sibai, Baha M.; Langer, Oded; Gabbe, Steven G.

In: Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 114, No. 5, 11.2009, p. 1017-1022.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Alexander, JM, Leveno, KJ, Hauth, JC, Landon, MB, Gilbert, S, Spong, CY, Varner, MW, Caritis, SN, Meis, P, Wapner, RJ, Sorokin, Y, Miodovnik, M, O'Sullivan, MJ, Sibai, BM, Langer, O & Gabbe, SG 2009, 'Failed operative vaginal delivery', Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 114, no. 5, pp. 1017-1022. https://doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0b013e3181bbf3be
Alexander JM, Leveno KJ, Hauth JC, Landon MB, Gilbert S, Spong CY et al. Failed operative vaginal delivery. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2009 Nov;114(5):1017-1022. https://doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0b013e3181bbf3be
Alexander, James M. ; Leveno, Kenneth J. ; Hauth, John C. ; Landon, Mark B. ; Gilbert, Sharon ; Spong, Catherine Y. ; Varner, Michael W. ; Caritis, Steve N. ; Meis, Paul ; Wapner, Ronald J. ; Sorokin, Yoram ; Miodovnik, Menachem ; O'Sullivan, Mary J. ; Sibai, Baha M. ; Langer, Oded ; Gabbe, Steven G. / Failed operative vaginal delivery. In: Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2009 ; Vol. 114, No. 5. pp. 1017-1022.
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abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes in women undergoing second-stage cesarean delivery after a trial of operative vaginal delivery with those in women undergoing second-stage cesarean delivery without such an attempt. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of the women who underwent second-stage cesarean delivery. The maternal outcomes examined included blood transfusion, endometritis, wound complication, anesthesia use, and maternal death. Neonatal outcomes examined included umbilical artery pH less than 7.0, Apgar score of 3 or less at 5 minutes, seizures within 24 hours of birth, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, stillbirth, skull fracture, and neonatal death. RESULTS: Of 3,189 women who underwent secondstage cesarean delivery, operative vaginal delivery was attempted in 640. Labor characteristics were similar in the two groups, with the exception of the admission-todelivery time and cesarean indication. Those with an attempted operative vaginal delivery were more likely to undergo cesarean delivery for a nonreassuring fetal heart rate tracing (18.0{\%} compared with 13.9{\%}, P=.01), have a wound complication (2.7{\%} compared with 1.0{\%}, odds ratio [OR] 2.65, 95{\%} confidence interval [Cl] 1.43-4.91), and require general anesthesia (8.0{\%} compared with 4.1{\%}, OR 2.05, 95{\%} Cl 1.44-2.91). Neonatal outcomes, including umbilical artery pH less than 7.0, Apgar score of 3 or less at 5 minutes, and hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, were more common for those with an attempted operative vaginal delivery. This was not significant when cases with a nonreassuring fetal heart rate tracing were removed. CONCLUSION: Cesarean delivery after an attempt at operative vaginal delivery was not associated with adverse neonatal outcomes in the absence of a nonreassuring fetal heart rate tracing.",
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AU - Alexander, James M.

AU - Leveno, Kenneth J.

AU - Hauth, John C.

AU - Landon, Mark B.

AU - Gilbert, Sharon

AU - Spong, Catherine Y.

AU - Varner, Michael W.

AU - Caritis, Steve N.

AU - Meis, Paul

AU - Wapner, Ronald J.

AU - Sorokin, Yoram

AU - Miodovnik, Menachem

AU - O'Sullivan, Mary J.

AU - Sibai, Baha M.

AU - Langer, Oded

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N2 - OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes in women undergoing second-stage cesarean delivery after a trial of operative vaginal delivery with those in women undergoing second-stage cesarean delivery without such an attempt. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of the women who underwent second-stage cesarean delivery. The maternal outcomes examined included blood transfusion, endometritis, wound complication, anesthesia use, and maternal death. Neonatal outcomes examined included umbilical artery pH less than 7.0, Apgar score of 3 or less at 5 minutes, seizures within 24 hours of birth, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, stillbirth, skull fracture, and neonatal death. RESULTS: Of 3,189 women who underwent secondstage cesarean delivery, operative vaginal delivery was attempted in 640. Labor characteristics were similar in the two groups, with the exception of the admission-todelivery time and cesarean indication. Those with an attempted operative vaginal delivery were more likely to undergo cesarean delivery for a nonreassuring fetal heart rate tracing (18.0% compared with 13.9%, P=.01), have a wound complication (2.7% compared with 1.0%, odds ratio [OR] 2.65, 95% confidence interval [Cl] 1.43-4.91), and require general anesthesia (8.0% compared with 4.1%, OR 2.05, 95% Cl 1.44-2.91). Neonatal outcomes, including umbilical artery pH less than 7.0, Apgar score of 3 or less at 5 minutes, and hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, were more common for those with an attempted operative vaginal delivery. This was not significant when cases with a nonreassuring fetal heart rate tracing were removed. CONCLUSION: Cesarean delivery after an attempt at operative vaginal delivery was not associated with adverse neonatal outcomes in the absence of a nonreassuring fetal heart rate tracing.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes in women undergoing second-stage cesarean delivery after a trial of operative vaginal delivery with those in women undergoing second-stage cesarean delivery without such an attempt. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of the women who underwent second-stage cesarean delivery. The maternal outcomes examined included blood transfusion, endometritis, wound complication, anesthesia use, and maternal death. Neonatal outcomes examined included umbilical artery pH less than 7.0, Apgar score of 3 or less at 5 minutes, seizures within 24 hours of birth, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, stillbirth, skull fracture, and neonatal death. RESULTS: Of 3,189 women who underwent secondstage cesarean delivery, operative vaginal delivery was attempted in 640. Labor characteristics were similar in the two groups, with the exception of the admission-todelivery time and cesarean indication. Those with an attempted operative vaginal delivery were more likely to undergo cesarean delivery for a nonreassuring fetal heart rate tracing (18.0% compared with 13.9%, P=.01), have a wound complication (2.7% compared with 1.0%, odds ratio [OR] 2.65, 95% confidence interval [Cl] 1.43-4.91), and require general anesthesia (8.0% compared with 4.1%, OR 2.05, 95% Cl 1.44-2.91). Neonatal outcomes, including umbilical artery pH less than 7.0, Apgar score of 3 or less at 5 minutes, and hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, were more common for those with an attempted operative vaginal delivery. This was not significant when cases with a nonreassuring fetal heart rate tracing were removed. CONCLUSION: Cesarean delivery after an attempt at operative vaginal delivery was not associated with adverse neonatal outcomes in the absence of a nonreassuring fetal heart rate tracing.

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