Fen1 mutations that specifically disrupt its interaction with PCNA cause aneuploidy-associated cancer

Li Zheng, Huifang Dai, Muralidhar L. Hegde, Mian Zhou, Zhigang Guo, Xiwei Wu, Jun Wu, Lei Su, Xueyan Zhong, Sankar Mitra, Qin Huang, Kemp H. Kernstine, Gerd P. Pfeifer, Binghui Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

DNA replication and repair are critical processes for all living organisms to ensure faithful duplication and transmission of genetic information. Flap endonuclease 1 (Fen1), a structure-specific nuclease, plays an important role in multiple DNA metabolic pathways and maintenance of genome stability. Human FEN1 mutations that impair its exonuclease activity have been linked to cancer development. FEN1 interacts with multiple proteins, including proliferation cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), to form various functional complexes. Interactions with these proteins are considered to be the key molecular mechanisms mediating FEN1's key biological functions. The current challenge is to experimentally demonstrate the biological consequence of a specific interaction without compromising other functions of a desired protein. To address this issue, we established a mutant mouse model harboring a FEN1 point mutation (F343A/F344A, FFAA), which specifically abolishes the FEN1/PCNA interaction. We show that the FFAA mutation causes defects in RNA primer removal and long-patch base excision repair, even in the heterozygous state, resulting in numerous DNA breaks. These breaks activate the G2/M checkpoint protein, Chk1, and induce near-tetraploid aneuploidy, commonly observed in human cancer, consequently elevating the transformation frequency. Consistent with this, inhibition of aneuploidy formation by a Chk1 inhibitor significantly suppressed the cellular transformation. WT/FFAA FEN1 mutant mice develop aneuploidy-associated cancer at a high frequency. Thus, this study establishes an exemplary case for investigating the biological significance of protein-protein interactions by knock-in of a point mutation rather than knock-out of a whole gene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1052-1067
Number of pages16
JournalCell Research
Volume21
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011

Fingerprint

Flap Endonucleases
Nuclear Antigens
Aneuploidy
Cell Proliferation
Mutation
Neoplasms
Proteins
Point Mutation
DNA Repair
Exonucleases
DNA Breaks
Tetraploidy
Genomic Instability
Metabolic Networks and Pathways
DNA Replication
Maintenance
DNA

Keywords

  • aneuploidy
  • cancer
  • FEN1
  • long patch base excision repair
  • Okazaki fragment maturation
  • PCNA
  • tetraploidy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Zheng, L., Dai, H., Hegde, M. L., Zhou, M., Guo, Z., Wu, X., ... Shen, B. (2011). Fen1 mutations that specifically disrupt its interaction with PCNA cause aneuploidy-associated cancer. Cell Research, 21(7), 1052-1067. https://doi.org/10.1038/cr.2011.35

Fen1 mutations that specifically disrupt its interaction with PCNA cause aneuploidy-associated cancer. / Zheng, Li; Dai, Huifang; Hegde, Muralidhar L.; Zhou, Mian; Guo, Zhigang; Wu, Xiwei; Wu, Jun; Su, Lei; Zhong, Xueyan; Mitra, Sankar; Huang, Qin; Kernstine, Kemp H.; Pfeifer, Gerd P.; Shen, Binghui.

In: Cell Research, Vol. 21, No. 7, 07.2011, p. 1052-1067.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zheng, L, Dai, H, Hegde, ML, Zhou, M, Guo, Z, Wu, X, Wu, J, Su, L, Zhong, X, Mitra, S, Huang, Q, Kernstine, KH, Pfeifer, GP & Shen, B 2011, 'Fen1 mutations that specifically disrupt its interaction with PCNA cause aneuploidy-associated cancer', Cell Research, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1052-1067. https://doi.org/10.1038/cr.2011.35
Zheng, Li ; Dai, Huifang ; Hegde, Muralidhar L. ; Zhou, Mian ; Guo, Zhigang ; Wu, Xiwei ; Wu, Jun ; Su, Lei ; Zhong, Xueyan ; Mitra, Sankar ; Huang, Qin ; Kernstine, Kemp H. ; Pfeifer, Gerd P. ; Shen, Binghui. / Fen1 mutations that specifically disrupt its interaction with PCNA cause aneuploidy-associated cancer. In: Cell Research. 2011 ; Vol. 21, No. 7. pp. 1052-1067.
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abstract = "DNA replication and repair are critical processes for all living organisms to ensure faithful duplication and transmission of genetic information. Flap endonuclease 1 (Fen1), a structure-specific nuclease, plays an important role in multiple DNA metabolic pathways and maintenance of genome stability. Human FEN1 mutations that impair its exonuclease activity have been linked to cancer development. FEN1 interacts with multiple proteins, including proliferation cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), to form various functional complexes. Interactions with these proteins are considered to be the key molecular mechanisms mediating FEN1's key biological functions. The current challenge is to experimentally demonstrate the biological consequence of a specific interaction without compromising other functions of a desired protein. To address this issue, we established a mutant mouse model harboring a FEN1 point mutation (F343A/F344A, FFAA), which specifically abolishes the FEN1/PCNA interaction. We show that the FFAA mutation causes defects in RNA primer removal and long-patch base excision repair, even in the heterozygous state, resulting in numerous DNA breaks. These breaks activate the G2/M checkpoint protein, Chk1, and induce near-tetraploid aneuploidy, commonly observed in human cancer, consequently elevating the transformation frequency. Consistent with this, inhibition of aneuploidy formation by a Chk1 inhibitor significantly suppressed the cellular transformation. WT/FFAA FEN1 mutant mice develop aneuploidy-associated cancer at a high frequency. Thus, this study establishes an exemplary case for investigating the biological significance of protein-protein interactions by knock-in of a point mutation rather than knock-out of a whole gene.",
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AB - DNA replication and repair are critical processes for all living organisms to ensure faithful duplication and transmission of genetic information. Flap endonuclease 1 (Fen1), a structure-specific nuclease, plays an important role in multiple DNA metabolic pathways and maintenance of genome stability. Human FEN1 mutations that impair its exonuclease activity have been linked to cancer development. FEN1 interacts with multiple proteins, including proliferation cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), to form various functional complexes. Interactions with these proteins are considered to be the key molecular mechanisms mediating FEN1's key biological functions. The current challenge is to experimentally demonstrate the biological consequence of a specific interaction without compromising other functions of a desired protein. To address this issue, we established a mutant mouse model harboring a FEN1 point mutation (F343A/F344A, FFAA), which specifically abolishes the FEN1/PCNA interaction. We show that the FFAA mutation causes defects in RNA primer removal and long-patch base excision repair, even in the heterozygous state, resulting in numerous DNA breaks. These breaks activate the G2/M checkpoint protein, Chk1, and induce near-tetraploid aneuploidy, commonly observed in human cancer, consequently elevating the transformation frequency. Consistent with this, inhibition of aneuploidy formation by a Chk1 inhibitor significantly suppressed the cellular transformation. WT/FFAA FEN1 mutant mice develop aneuploidy-associated cancer at a high frequency. Thus, this study establishes an exemplary case for investigating the biological significance of protein-protein interactions by knock-in of a point mutation rather than knock-out of a whole gene.

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