Frequency of infections associated with implanted systems vs cuffed, tunneled silastic venous catheters in patients with acute leukemia

C. Severien, J. D. Nelson

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33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A total of 75 central venous catheters were used for prolonged chemotherapy in 39 children with acute lymphocytic leukemia and 21 patients with acute myelocytic leukemia. Infection rates were 2.2 per 1000 catheter days with the use of cuffed, tunneled, single-lumen Silastic catheters, 2.0 per 1000 catheter days with cuffed, tunneled, double-lumen Silastic catheters, and 0.5 per 1000 catheter days with the use of implanted venous access systems. Eighty-one percent of catheter sepsis episodes were successfully treated without removal of the catheter. All tunnel infections required withdrawal of the catheter for cure. The microorganisms were gram-positive bacteria in 15%, gram-negative bacteria in 7%, and fungi in 4%. Coagulase-negative staphylococci and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were the most commonly isolated organisms. Three of six fatal sepsis episodes were caused by disseminated fungal infections. We conclude that the use of intracorporeal venous catheter systems in patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia is associated with a lower infection rate than that with cuffed, tunneled Silastic single- or double-lumen catheters and that most septicemias can be cured with antimicrobial therapy without removal of the catheter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1433-1438
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Diseases of Children
Volume145
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1991

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Leukemia
Catheters
Infection
Sepsis
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
baysilon
Central Venous Catheters
Mycoses
Coagulase
Gram-Positive Bacteria
Gram-Negative Bacteria
Staphylococcus
Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Fungi
Drug Therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

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title = "Frequency of infections associated with implanted systems vs cuffed, tunneled silastic venous catheters in patients with acute leukemia",
abstract = "A total of 75 central venous catheters were used for prolonged chemotherapy in 39 children with acute lymphocytic leukemia and 21 patients with acute myelocytic leukemia. Infection rates were 2.2 per 1000 catheter days with the use of cuffed, tunneled, single-lumen Silastic catheters, 2.0 per 1000 catheter days with cuffed, tunneled, double-lumen Silastic catheters, and 0.5 per 1000 catheter days with the use of implanted venous access systems. Eighty-one percent of catheter sepsis episodes were successfully treated without removal of the catheter. All tunnel infections required withdrawal of the catheter for cure. The microorganisms were gram-positive bacteria in 15{\%}, gram-negative bacteria in 7{\%}, and fungi in 4{\%}. Coagulase-negative staphylococci and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were the most commonly isolated organisms. Three of six fatal sepsis episodes were caused by disseminated fungal infections. We conclude that the use of intracorporeal venous catheter systems in patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia is associated with a lower infection rate than that with cuffed, tunneled Silastic single- or double-lumen catheters and that most septicemias can be cured with antimicrobial therapy without removal of the catheter.",
author = "C. Severien and Nelson, {J. D.}",
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T1 - Frequency of infections associated with implanted systems vs cuffed, tunneled silastic venous catheters in patients with acute leukemia

AU - Severien, C.

AU - Nelson, J. D.

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N2 - A total of 75 central venous catheters were used for prolonged chemotherapy in 39 children with acute lymphocytic leukemia and 21 patients with acute myelocytic leukemia. Infection rates were 2.2 per 1000 catheter days with the use of cuffed, tunneled, single-lumen Silastic catheters, 2.0 per 1000 catheter days with cuffed, tunneled, double-lumen Silastic catheters, and 0.5 per 1000 catheter days with the use of implanted venous access systems. Eighty-one percent of catheter sepsis episodes were successfully treated without removal of the catheter. All tunnel infections required withdrawal of the catheter for cure. The microorganisms were gram-positive bacteria in 15%, gram-negative bacteria in 7%, and fungi in 4%. Coagulase-negative staphylococci and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were the most commonly isolated organisms. Three of six fatal sepsis episodes were caused by disseminated fungal infections. We conclude that the use of intracorporeal venous catheter systems in patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia is associated with a lower infection rate than that with cuffed, tunneled Silastic single- or double-lumen catheters and that most septicemias can be cured with antimicrobial therapy without removal of the catheter.

AB - A total of 75 central venous catheters were used for prolonged chemotherapy in 39 children with acute lymphocytic leukemia and 21 patients with acute myelocytic leukemia. Infection rates were 2.2 per 1000 catheter days with the use of cuffed, tunneled, single-lumen Silastic catheters, 2.0 per 1000 catheter days with cuffed, tunneled, double-lumen Silastic catheters, and 0.5 per 1000 catheter days with the use of implanted venous access systems. Eighty-one percent of catheter sepsis episodes were successfully treated without removal of the catheter. All tunnel infections required withdrawal of the catheter for cure. The microorganisms were gram-positive bacteria in 15%, gram-negative bacteria in 7%, and fungi in 4%. Coagulase-negative staphylococci and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were the most commonly isolated organisms. Three of six fatal sepsis episodes were caused by disseminated fungal infections. We conclude that the use of intracorporeal venous catheter systems in patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia is associated with a lower infection rate than that with cuffed, tunneled Silastic single- or double-lumen catheters and that most septicemias can be cured with antimicrobial therapy without removal of the catheter.

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