Formation of extensive collateral vessels after chronic constriction of a coronary artery in dogs can provide for similar increases in blood flow to native and collateralized regions of myocardium during exertion. Previous investigations have not compared myocardial blood flow and cardiac functional responses during exercise in constricted and nonrestricted (sham) animals. Thus we evaluated left ventricular performance and myocardial blood flow at rest and during mild, moderate, and severe exertion in sham-operated dogs and in dogs 2-3 mo after placement of an Ameroid occluder around the proximal left circumflex artery. Changes in double product, maximal left ventricular dP/dt, and pressure-work index were similar in both groups for each level of exertion. Despite similar increases in estimated myocardial O2 demand and similar diastolic perfusion pressures, average transmural myocardial blood flow increased less in the constrictor animals, particularly during severe exercise (2.74 ± 0.22 vs. 1.45 ± 0.29 ml · min-1 · g-1). The smaller increases in blood flow occurred equally in native and collateralized regions as well as in the papillary muscles and boundary areas between the native and collateralized regions. The differences in flow in the native and collateralized regions were uniform across the wall of the myocardium. We also observed smaller increases in stroke volume and cardiac output in the constrictor group, disparities which increased with increasing exertion (stroke volume, severe exercise = 0.92 ± 0.13 vs. 0.53 ± 0.09 ml/kg). We postulate that myocardial active hyperemia is limited either because the coronary vessels remaining after chronic circumflex occlusion cannot dilate sufficiently or that there is inappropriate active vasoconstriction during severe exertion. The consequence of this diminished myocardial blood flow response is a reduction in the functional performance of the left ventricle.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)