We present evidence that the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and transcription factor Jun/AP-1 can reciprocally repress one another's transcriptional activation by a novel mechanism that is Independent of DNA binding. Overexpression of c-Jun prevents the glucocorticoid-induced activation of genes carrying a functional glucocorticoid response element (GRE). Conversely, GR is able to repress AP-1-mediated transcriptional activation. Mutant analysis reveals that the ligand binding and DNA binding domains of GR and the region including the leucine zipper of c-Jun are required for repression. Gel retardation analysis demonstrates that bacterially expressed c-Jun disrupts GR-GRE complexes. These data Indicate that members of two distinct classes of transcription factors can oppose one another's activity through a mechanism likely involving protein-protein interactions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)