The effect of furosemide in the intraoperative reduction of intracranial pressure was measured in 25 patients undergoing the operative repair of a ruptured intracranial aneurysm. Seven patients with similar intracranial lesions served as controls. A single bolus of 80 mg of furosemide was administered intravenously after the induction of anesthesia, and sequential measurements were made of intracranial pressure, mean arterial pressure, and arterial blood gases. A mean decrease of intracranial pressure of 56% was measured in the furosemide-treated patients, whereas the control patients demonstrated a mean decline of subarachnoid pressures of 18%. These changes are significant at the P<0.005 confidence level, whereas changes in mean arterial pressure, mean arterial pCO2, and base line arterial pCO2 were statistically insignificant. This study suggests that intravenous furosemide is a quick, dependable, and effective mechanism for the intraoperative reduction of intracranial pressure in the postsubarachnoid hemorrhage aneurysm patient.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology