Gastric function and obesity: Gastric emptying, gastric acid secretion, and plasma pepsinogen

H. Sasaki, M. Nagulesparan, A. Dubois, I. M. Samloff, E. Straus, M. L. Sievers, Roger H Unger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Because rapid gastric emptying and a shortened satiety period might contribute to development of obesity, this study compared gastric emptying of acaloric liquid, gastric acid production, and plasma levels of gastrin and pepsinogen I (PG I) and II (PG II) among obese and nonobese Pima Indians. Rates of fractional gastric emptying and of gastric acid secretion were similar in the two groups, basally and after an acaloric liquid meal. Basal and postprandial plasma gastrin levels did not differ significantly in obese and nonobese Pimas, but peak betazole-stimulated gastric acid output was greater in the obese group, except when normalized by body weight. The plasma PG I and PG II concentrations and PG I/PG II ratio did not differ significantly between the two groups, but the PG I/PG II ratio had a positive correlation with peak acid output. No correlation was found between fractional gastric emptying rate and degree of obesity. We conclude that an increased gastric emptying rate for liquid does not contribute to the pathogenesis of obesity in Pima Indians.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-190
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Volume8
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 7 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Gastric function and obesity: Gastric emptying, gastric acid secretion, and plasma pepsinogen'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Sasaki, H., Nagulesparan, M., Dubois, A., Samloff, I. M., Straus, E., Sievers, M. L., & Unger, R. H. (1984). Gastric function and obesity: Gastric emptying, gastric acid secretion, and plasma pepsinogen. International Journal of Obesity, 8(2), 183-190.