Gastrointestinal citrate absorption in nephrolithiasis

J. Fegan, R. Khan, J. Poindexter, C. Y C Pak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Gastrointestinal absorption of citrate was measured in stone patients with idiopathic hypocitraturia to determine if citrate malabsorption could account for low urinary citrate. Citrate absorption was measured directly from recovery of orally administered potassium citrate (40 mEq.) in the intestinal lavage fluid, using an intestinal washout technique. In 7 stone patients citrate absorption, serum citrate levels, peak citrate concentration in serum and area under the curve were not significantly different from those of 7 normal subjects. Citrate absorption was rapid and efficient in both groups, with 96 to 98% absorbed within 3 hours. The absorption of citrate was less efficient from a tablet preparation of potassium citrate than from a liquid preparation, probably due to a delayed release of citrate from wax matrix. However, citrate absorption from solid potassium citrate was still high at 91%, compared to 98% for a liquid preparation. Thus, hypocitraturia is unlikely to be due to an impaired gastrointestinal absorption of citrate in stone patients without overt bowel disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1212-1214
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume147
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

Keywords

  • citrates
  • citric acid
  • urinary calculi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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