Gender Prevalence and Trends in Otology and Neurotology Publications

Natalie Schauwecker, Alyson Kaplan, Jacob B. Hunter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVE: To assess otology and neurotology authorship by gender, subject, and country of origin from 2000 to 2019. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of otology and neurotology publications in 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015, and 2019 from 10 prominent journals within otolaryngology. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Demographics for first through third and final authors, including gender, degree, coauthorship, as well as number of authors, subject matter, and region of origin for each publication. RESULTS: A total of 4,411 neurotology articles published in 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015, and 2019 were analyzed. During the study period, the proportion of female authors increased from 22.3% in 2000 to 33.9% in 2019 (p < 0.0001). However, authorship position analysis demonstrated no increase in final female authorship (22.5% in 2019, from 19.4% in 2000, p = 0.112). Geographic region analysis demonstrated a similar overall global trend toward an increase in female authors. When considering author gender by position, North America, the Middle East, and Africa failed to demonstrate significant increasing trends for female final authors. Female final authors were also significantly less likely to have medical degrees than final male authors, (37.4% versus 78.6%, respectfully, p =  < 0.0001). Finally, women published more often within the subjects of pediatrics and audiology (46.5% and 37.3% of final authors, p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Female authorship in otology and neurotology has increased globally. With the predominant number of articles originating from North America, and articles originating from North America failing to demonstrate an increase in female final authorship, overall, final female authorship did not change during the study period. PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE GAP AND EDUCATIONAL NEED: There is no comprehensive study exploring gender distribution within only the specialty of otology and neurotology. While it is known that more women are becoming otolaryngologists, it is unknown if this increase is reflected in otology and neurotology publications, domestically and internationally. LEARNING OBJECTIVE: To understand if gender biases and/or differences exist within otology and neurotology publications. DESIRED RESULT: Identify trends in otology and neurotology publications to address particular barriers to female publication within the field.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Clinical Neurology


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