Genetic and Metabolic Determinants of Plasma Levels of ANGPTL8

Federico Oldoni, Kevin Bass, Julia Kozlitina, Hannah Hudson, Lisa M. Shihanian, Viktoria Gusarova, Jonathan C. Cohen, Helen H. Hobbs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Context: ANGPTL8 (A8) plays a key role in determining the tissue fate of circulating triglycerides (TGs). Plasma A8 levels are associated with several parameters of glucose and TG metabolism, but the causality of these relationships and the contribution of genetic variants to differences in A8 levels have not been explored. Objective: To characterize the frequency distribution of plasma A8 levels in a diverse population using a newly-developed enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and to identify genetic factors contributing to differences in plasma A8 levels. Methods: We studied a population-based sample of Dallas County, comprising individuals in the Dallas Heart Study (DHS-1, n = 3538; DHS-2, n = 3283), including 2131 individuals with repeated measurements 7 to 9 years apart (age 18-85 years; >55% female; 52% Black; 29% White; 17% Hispanic; and 2% other). The main outcome measures were associations of A8 levels with body mass index (BMI), plasma levels of glucose, insulin, lipids, and hepatic TGs, as well as DNA variants identified by exome-wide sequencing. Results: A8 levels varied over a 150-fold range (2.1-318 ng/mL; median, 13.3 ng/mL) and differed between racial/ethnic groups (Blacks > Hispanics > Whites). A8 levels correlated with BMI, fasting glucose, insulin, and TG levels. A variant in A8, R59W, accounted for 17% of the interindividual variation in A8 levels but was not associated with the metabolic parameters correlated with plasma A8 concentrations. Conclusions: A8 levels were strongly associated with indices of glucose and TG metabolism, but the lack of association of genetic variants at the A8 locus that impact A8 levels with these parameters indicates that differences in A8 levels are not causally related to the associated metabolic phenotypes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1649-1667
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume106
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2021

Keywords

  • ANGPTL3
  • ANGPTL8
  • glucose
  • insulin
  • obesity
  • triglycerides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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