Genetic reconstruction and characterization of the recombinant transacylase (E2b) component of bovine branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase complex. Implication of histidine 391 as an active site residue

Thomas A. Griffin, David T. Chuang

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Genetically altered transacylase (E2b) proteins of the bovine branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase complex were overexpressed in Escherichia coli and characterized. Deletion by PstI or Bal31 digestion of the amino-terminal region of the inner-core domain (residues 175-421) beyond residue 209 resulted in a complete loss of transacylase activity. The enzyme assay was carried out using [1-14C]isovaleryl-CoA and exogenous dihydrolipoamide as substrates. The removal of 4 residues (Thr-Ile-Pro-Ile) (residues 175-178) from the amino terminus of the inner-core domain significantly reduced the level of transacylase activity. The results establish that the segment between residues 175 and 209 is an integral part of the active site of E2b. The residue Hisl291 in the recombinant inner-core domain (E2b δ167) was changed to Asn or Gln by site-directed mutagenesis. The wild-type and the two mutant inner-core domains were assembled into 24-mers as determined by gel filtration. However, both Asn and Gln mutations were accompanied by a complete loss of the enzymatic activity. Titration of the natural branched-chain α-keto dehydrogenase complex from pH 8 to 6 sharply reduced transacylase activity. The above data support the hypothesis that a conserved histidine residue in E2 acts as a general base for the transacylation reaction by analogy with E. coli chloramphenicol acetyltransferases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13174-13180
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number22
StatePublished - Aug 20 1990


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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