Genetic reconstruction and characterization of the recombinant transacylase (E2b) component of bovine branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase complex

Implication of histidine 391 as an active site residue

Thomas A. Griffin, David T. Chuang

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25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Genetically altered transacylase (E2b) proteins of the bovine branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase complex were overexpressed in Escherichia coli and characterized. Deletion by PstI or Bal31 digestion of the amino-terminal region of the inner-core domain (residues 175-421) beyond residue 209 resulted in a complete loss of transacylase activity. The enzyme assay was carried out using [1-14C]isovaleryl-CoA and exogenous dihydrolipoamide as substrates. The removal of 4 residues (Thr-Ile-Pro-Ile) (residues 175-178) from the amino terminus of the inner-core domain significantly reduced the level of transacylase activity. The results establish that the segment between residues 175 and 209 is an integral part of the active site of E2b. The residue His-391 in the recombinant inner-core domain (E2b 0167) was changed to Asn or Gln by site-directed mutagenesis. The wild-type and the two mutant inner-core domains were assembled into 24-mers as determined by gel filtration. However, both Asn and Gln mutations were accompanied by a complete loss of the enzymatic activity. Titration of the natural branched-chain α-keto dehydrogenase complex from pH 8 to 6 sharply reduced transacylase activity. The above data support the hypothesis that a conserved histidine residue in E2 acts as a general base for the transacylation reaction by analogy with E. coli chloramphenicol acetyltransferases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13174-13180
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume265
Issue number22
StatePublished - Aug 5 1990

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3-Methyl-2-Oxobutanoate Dehydrogenase (Lipoamide)
Histidine
Escherichia coli
Catalytic Domain
Mutagenesis
Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase
Enzyme Assays
Site-Directed Mutagenesis
Titration
Gel Chromatography
Digestion
Assays
Oxidoreductases
Gels
Mutation
Substrates
Enzymes
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Genetic reconstruction and characterization of the recombinant transacylase (E2b) component of bovine branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase complex: Implication of histidine 391 as an active site residue",
abstract = "Genetically altered transacylase (E2b) proteins of the bovine branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase complex were overexpressed in Escherichia coli and characterized. Deletion by PstI or Bal31 digestion of the amino-terminal region of the inner-core domain (residues 175-421) beyond residue 209 resulted in a complete loss of transacylase activity. The enzyme assay was carried out using [1-14C]isovaleryl-CoA and exogenous dihydrolipoamide as substrates. The removal of 4 residues (Thr-Ile-Pro-Ile) (residues 175-178) from the amino terminus of the inner-core domain significantly reduced the level of transacylase activity. The results establish that the segment between residues 175 and 209 is an integral part of the active site of E2b. The residue His-391 in the recombinant inner-core domain (E2b 0167) was changed to Asn or Gln by site-directed mutagenesis. The wild-type and the two mutant inner-core domains were assembled into 24-mers as determined by gel filtration. However, both Asn and Gln mutations were accompanied by a complete loss of the enzymatic activity. Titration of the natural branched-chain α-keto dehydrogenase complex from pH 8 to 6 sharply reduced transacylase activity. The above data support the hypothesis that a conserved histidine residue in E2 acts as a general base for the transacylation reaction by analogy with E. coli chloramphenicol acetyltransferases.",
author = "Griffin, {Thomas A.} and Chuang, {David T.}",
year = "1990",
month = "8",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Genetic reconstruction and characterization of the recombinant transacylase (E2b) component of bovine branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase complex

T2 - Implication of histidine 391 as an active site residue

AU - Griffin, Thomas A.

AU - Chuang, David T.

PY - 1990/8/5

Y1 - 1990/8/5

N2 - Genetically altered transacylase (E2b) proteins of the bovine branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase complex were overexpressed in Escherichia coli and characterized. Deletion by PstI or Bal31 digestion of the amino-terminal region of the inner-core domain (residues 175-421) beyond residue 209 resulted in a complete loss of transacylase activity. The enzyme assay was carried out using [1-14C]isovaleryl-CoA and exogenous dihydrolipoamide as substrates. The removal of 4 residues (Thr-Ile-Pro-Ile) (residues 175-178) from the amino terminus of the inner-core domain significantly reduced the level of transacylase activity. The results establish that the segment between residues 175 and 209 is an integral part of the active site of E2b. The residue His-391 in the recombinant inner-core domain (E2b 0167) was changed to Asn or Gln by site-directed mutagenesis. The wild-type and the two mutant inner-core domains were assembled into 24-mers as determined by gel filtration. However, both Asn and Gln mutations were accompanied by a complete loss of the enzymatic activity. Titration of the natural branched-chain α-keto dehydrogenase complex from pH 8 to 6 sharply reduced transacylase activity. The above data support the hypothesis that a conserved histidine residue in E2 acts as a general base for the transacylation reaction by analogy with E. coli chloramphenicol acetyltransferases.

AB - Genetically altered transacylase (E2b) proteins of the bovine branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase complex were overexpressed in Escherichia coli and characterized. Deletion by PstI or Bal31 digestion of the amino-terminal region of the inner-core domain (residues 175-421) beyond residue 209 resulted in a complete loss of transacylase activity. The enzyme assay was carried out using [1-14C]isovaleryl-CoA and exogenous dihydrolipoamide as substrates. The removal of 4 residues (Thr-Ile-Pro-Ile) (residues 175-178) from the amino terminus of the inner-core domain significantly reduced the level of transacylase activity. The results establish that the segment between residues 175 and 209 is an integral part of the active site of E2b. The residue His-391 in the recombinant inner-core domain (E2b 0167) was changed to Asn or Gln by site-directed mutagenesis. The wild-type and the two mutant inner-core domains were assembled into 24-mers as determined by gel filtration. However, both Asn and Gln mutations were accompanied by a complete loss of the enzymatic activity. Titration of the natural branched-chain α-keto dehydrogenase complex from pH 8 to 6 sharply reduced transacylase activity. The above data support the hypothesis that a conserved histidine residue in E2 acts as a general base for the transacylation reaction by analogy with E. coli chloramphenicol acetyltransferases.

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