Genetic underpinnings of autoimmunity - Lessons from studies in arthritis, diabetes, lupus and multiple sclerosis

Kirthi Raman, Chandra Mohan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Autoimmunity has been studied for more than four decades, but its genetic origins have remained a mystery. The recent past has witnessed an exponential growth in our understanding of autoimmunity resulting from both forward and reverse genetic approaches. More than 40 genes have been shown to precipitate systemic autoimmunity when genetically manipulated. In addition, reverse genetic studies in various autoimmune diseases have successfully guided researchers to specific locations on the genome that are associated with disease susceptibility. Buried within these genomic intervals lies a further treasure chest of autoimmunity genes. Efforts to unmask these culprit genes have yielded the very first clues about how an elaborate cast of players may be at work to orchestrate autoimmunity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)651-659
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Opinion in Immunology
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2003

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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