GPR56/ADGRG1 is associated with response to antidepressant treatment

Raoul Belzeaux, Victor Gorgievski, Laura M. Fiori, Juan Pablo Lopez, Julien Grenier, Rixing Lin, Corina Nagy, El Chérif Ibrahim, Eduardo Gascon, Philippe Courtet, Stéphane Richard-Devantoy, Marcelo Berlim, Eduardo Chachamovich, Jean François Théroux, Sylvie Dumas, Bruno Giros, Susan Rotzinger, Claudio N. Soares, Jane A. Foster, Naguib MechawarGregory G. Tall, Eleni T. Tzavara, Sidney H. Kennedy, Gustavo Turecki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

It remains unclear why many patients with depression do not respond to antidepressant treatment. In three cohorts of individuals with depression and treated with serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (N = 424) we show that responders, but not non-responders, display an increase of GPR56 mRNA in the blood. In a small group of subjects we also show that GPR56 is downregulated in the PFC of individuals with depression that died by suicide. In mice, we show that chronic stress-induced Gpr56 downregulation in the blood and prefrontal cortex (PFC), which is accompanied by depression-like behavior, and can be reversed by antidepressant treatment. Gpr56 knockdown in mouse PFC is associated with depressive-like behaviors, executive dysfunction and poor response to antidepressant treatment. GPR56 peptide agonists have antidepressant-like effects and upregulated AKT/GSK3/EIF4 pathways. Our findings uncover a potential role of GPR56 in antidepressant response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1635
JournalNature communications
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • General
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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