To determine whether the antilipogenic actions of insulin-induced gene 1 (insig-1) demonstrated in cultured preadipocytes also occur in vivo, we infected Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) (fa/fa) rats, with recombinant adenovirus containing insig-1 or -2 cDNA. An increase of both proteins appeared in their livers. In control ZDF (fa/fa) rats infected with adenovirus containing the β-galactosidase (β-gal) cDNA, triacylglycerols in the liver and plasma rose steeply whereas the insig-infected rats exhibited substantial attenuation of the increase in hepatic steatosis and hyperlipidemia. Insig overexpression was associated with a striking reduction in the elevated level of nuclear sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP)-1c, the activated form of the transcription factor. The mRNA of SREBP-1c lipogenic target enzymes also fell. The mRNA of endogenous insig-1, but not -2a and -2b, was higher in the fatty livers of untreated obese ZDF (fa/fa) rats compared with controls, but the elevation was not sufficient to block the ∼3-fold increase in SREBP-1c expression and activity. In normal animals, adenovirus-induced overexpression of the insigs reduced the increase in SREBP-1c mRNA and its target enzymes caused by refeeding. The findings demonstrated that both insigs have antilipogenic action when transgenically overexpressed in livers with increased SREBP-1c-mediated lipogenesis. However, the increase in endogenous insig-1 expression associated with augmented lipogenesis may limit it, but is insufficient to prevent it.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - May 4 2004|
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