Hepatitis A/B vaccine completion among homeless adults with history of incarceration

Adeline M. Nyamathi, Elizabeth Marlow, Catherine Branson, Mary Marfisee, Karabi Nandy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination rates for incarcerated adults remain low despite their high risk for infection. This study determined predictors of vaccine completion in homeless adults (N= 297) who reported histories of incarceration and who participated in one of three nurse-led hepatitis programs of different intensity. Moreover time since release from incarceration was also considered. Just over half of the former prisoners completed the vaccine series. Older age (≥40), having a partner, and chronic homelessness were associated with vaccine completion. Recent research has documented the difficulty in providing vaccine services to younger homeless persons and homeless males at risk for HBV. Additional strategies are needed to achieve HBV vaccination completion rates greater than 50% for formerly incarcerated homeless men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-22
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Forensic Nursing
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Forensic nursing
  • Former prisoners
  • Hepatitis B
  • Homeless
  • Men
  • Vaccine completion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Issues, ethics and legal aspects
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)
  • Law

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