Hepatocyte nuclear factor 1b suppresses canonical Wnt signaling through transcriptional repression of lymphoid enhancer–binding factor 1

Siu Chiu Chan, Sachin S. Hajarnis, Sophia M. Vrba, Vishal Patel, Peter Igarashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hepatocyte nuclear factor-1b (HNF-1b) is a tissue-specific transcription factor that is required for normal kidney development and renal epithelial differentiation. Mutations of HNF-1b produce congenital kidney abnormalities and inherited renal tubulopathies. Here, we show that ablation of HNF-1b in mIMCD3 renal epithelial cells results in activation of b-catenin and increased expression of lymphoid enhancer–binding factor 1 (LEF1), a downstream effector in the canonical Wnt signaling pathway. Increased expression and nuclear localization of LEF1 are also observed in cystic kidneys from Hnf1b mutant mice. Expression of dominant-negative mutant HNF-1b in mIMCD3 cells produces hyperresponsiveness to exogenous Wnt ligands, which is inhibited by siRNA-mediated knockdown of Lef1. WT HNF-1b binds to two evolutionarily conserved sites located 94 and 30 kb from the mouse Lef1 promoter. Ablation of HNF-1b decreases H3K27 trimethylation repressive marks and increases b-catenin occupancy at a site 4 kb upstream to Lef1. Mechanistically, WT HNF-1b recruits the polycomb-repressive complex 2 that catalyzes H3K27 trimethylation. Deletion of the b-catenin–binding domain of LEF1 in HNF-1b–deficient cells abolishes the increase in Lef1 transcription and decreases the expression of downstream Wnt target genes. The canonical Wnt target gene, Axin2, is also a direct transcriptional target of HNF-1b through binding to negative regulatory elements in the gene promoter. These findings demonstrate that HNF-1b regulates canonical Wnt target genes through long-range effects on histone methylation at Wnt enhancers and reveal a new mode of active transcriptional repression by HNF-1b.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17560-17572
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume295
Issue number51
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 18 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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