Heterogeneous renal responses to atrial natriuretic factor. I. Chronic caval dogs

E. Maher, P. Cernacek, M. Levy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) (175 ng · kg-1 · min-1) was administered to 14 normal, alert dogs and again after constriction of the thoracic vena cava. The average natriuresis observed in the dogs when they were normal was blunted by 55% when they developed ascites and were avidly retaining sodium. Of the 14 caval dogs, 7 showed a natriuretic response no different from the control phase while 7 showed no natriuresis at all in response to the ANF. Ten dogs were restudied when they entered a phase of sodium balance despite the persistence of ascites. All 10 dogs now responded to ANF, and 5 dogs previously not responding now showed a mean change of urinary sodium excretion rate (ΔU(na)V) of 204 μeq/min. The two groups could not be differentiated in terms of plasma volume, systemic or renal hemodynamics, or plasma levels of renin and aldosterone. We conclude that there is reversible attenuation of the ANF natriuretic effect in 50% of chronic caval dogs, which disappears when they lose avidity for sodium retention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume257
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1989

Fingerprint

Venae Cavae
Atrial Natriuretic Factor
Dogs
Kidney
Sodium
Natriuresis
Ascites
Natriuretic Agents
Plasma Volume
Aldosterone
Renin
Constriction
Thorax
Hemodynamics

Keywords

  • ascites
  • edema
  • sodium retention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

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title = "Heterogeneous renal responses to atrial natriuretic factor. I. Chronic caval dogs",
abstract = "Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) (175 ng · kg-1 · min-1) was administered to 14 normal, alert dogs and again after constriction of the thoracic vena cava. The average natriuresis observed in the dogs when they were normal was blunted by 55{\%} when they developed ascites and were avidly retaining sodium. Of the 14 caval dogs, 7 showed a natriuretic response no different from the control phase while 7 showed no natriuresis at all in response to the ANF. Ten dogs were restudied when they entered a phase of sodium balance despite the persistence of ascites. All 10 dogs now responded to ANF, and 5 dogs previously not responding now showed a mean change of urinary sodium excretion rate (ΔU(na)V) of 204 μeq/min. The two groups could not be differentiated in terms of plasma volume, systemic or renal hemodynamics, or plasma levels of renin and aldosterone. We conclude that there is reversible attenuation of the ANF natriuretic effect in 50{\%} of chronic caval dogs, which disappears when they lose avidity for sodium retention.",
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T1 - Heterogeneous renal responses to atrial natriuretic factor. I. Chronic caval dogs

AU - Maher, E.

AU - Cernacek, P.

AU - Levy, M.

PY - 1989

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N2 - Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) (175 ng · kg-1 · min-1) was administered to 14 normal, alert dogs and again after constriction of the thoracic vena cava. The average natriuresis observed in the dogs when they were normal was blunted by 55% when they developed ascites and were avidly retaining sodium. Of the 14 caval dogs, 7 showed a natriuretic response no different from the control phase while 7 showed no natriuresis at all in response to the ANF. Ten dogs were restudied when they entered a phase of sodium balance despite the persistence of ascites. All 10 dogs now responded to ANF, and 5 dogs previously not responding now showed a mean change of urinary sodium excretion rate (ΔU(na)V) of 204 μeq/min. The two groups could not be differentiated in terms of plasma volume, systemic or renal hemodynamics, or plasma levels of renin and aldosterone. We conclude that there is reversible attenuation of the ANF natriuretic effect in 50% of chronic caval dogs, which disappears when they lose avidity for sodium retention.

AB - Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) (175 ng · kg-1 · min-1) was administered to 14 normal, alert dogs and again after constriction of the thoracic vena cava. The average natriuresis observed in the dogs when they were normal was blunted by 55% when they developed ascites and were avidly retaining sodium. Of the 14 caval dogs, 7 showed a natriuretic response no different from the control phase while 7 showed no natriuresis at all in response to the ANF. Ten dogs were restudied when they entered a phase of sodium balance despite the persistence of ascites. All 10 dogs now responded to ANF, and 5 dogs previously not responding now showed a mean change of urinary sodium excretion rate (ΔU(na)V) of 204 μeq/min. The two groups could not be differentiated in terms of plasma volume, systemic or renal hemodynamics, or plasma levels of renin and aldosterone. We conclude that there is reversible attenuation of the ANF natriuretic effect in 50% of chronic caval dogs, which disappears when they lose avidity for sodium retention.

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