High capacity, low affinity Ca2+ binding of chromogranin A

Relationship between the pH-induced conformational change and Ca2+ binding property

Seung Hyun Yoo, Joseph P. Albanesi

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90 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chromogranin A, the major intravesicular protein of adrenal chromaffin granules, bound Ca2+ in a pH-dependent manner. Both the maximal binding and affinity of chromogranin A for Ca2+ were dependent on pH. Chromogranin A bound 670 nmol of Ca2+/mg (32 mol/ mol) and 1150 nmol of Ca2+/mg (55 mol/mol) at pH 7.5 and 5.5, respectively, with dissociation constants (Kd) of 2.7 and 4 mM. This pH dependence probably reflects different conformations of the protein at the two pH values. Conformational differences of chromogranin A at two different pH values were demonstrated by limited tryptic digestion patterns confirming previous results obtained by circular dichroism spectroscopy (Yoo, S. H., and Albanesi, J. P. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 14414-14421). Sedimentation equilibrium studies revealed the native molecular mass of chromogranin A to be 100 kDa at pH 7.5 ad 192 kDa at pH 5.5, indicating dimeric and tetrameric states of the protein at the two pH levels. We postulate that the pH- and Ca2+-induced conformational changes of chromogranin A may have a role both in the regulation of Ca2+ release of chromaffin granules and in the early stages of secretory vesicle biogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7740-7745
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume266
Issue number12
StatePublished - Apr 25 1991

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Chromogranin A
Chromaffin Granules
Circular dichroism spectroscopy
Proteins
Molecular mass
Sedimentation
Conformations
Protein Conformation
Secretory Vesicles
Circular Dichroism
Digestion
Spectrum Analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "High capacity, low affinity Ca2+ binding of chromogranin A: Relationship between the pH-induced conformational change and Ca2+ binding property",
abstract = "Chromogranin A, the major intravesicular protein of adrenal chromaffin granules, bound Ca2+ in a pH-dependent manner. Both the maximal binding and affinity of chromogranin A for Ca2+ were dependent on pH. Chromogranin A bound 670 nmol of Ca2+/mg (32 mol/ mol) and 1150 nmol of Ca2+/mg (55 mol/mol) at pH 7.5 and 5.5, respectively, with dissociation constants (Kd) of 2.7 and 4 mM. This pH dependence probably reflects different conformations of the protein at the two pH values. Conformational differences of chromogranin A at two different pH values were demonstrated by limited tryptic digestion patterns confirming previous results obtained by circular dichroism spectroscopy (Yoo, S. H., and Albanesi, J. P. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 14414-14421). Sedimentation equilibrium studies revealed the native molecular mass of chromogranin A to be 100 kDa at pH 7.5 ad 192 kDa at pH 5.5, indicating dimeric and tetrameric states of the protein at the two pH levels. We postulate that the pH- and Ca2+-induced conformational changes of chromogranin A may have a role both in the regulation of Ca2+ release of chromaffin granules and in the early stages of secretory vesicle biogenesis.",
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T1 - High capacity, low affinity Ca2+ binding of chromogranin A

T2 - Relationship between the pH-induced conformational change and Ca2+ binding property

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AU - Albanesi, Joseph P.

PY - 1991/4/25

Y1 - 1991/4/25

N2 - Chromogranin A, the major intravesicular protein of adrenal chromaffin granules, bound Ca2+ in a pH-dependent manner. Both the maximal binding and affinity of chromogranin A for Ca2+ were dependent on pH. Chromogranin A bound 670 nmol of Ca2+/mg (32 mol/ mol) and 1150 nmol of Ca2+/mg (55 mol/mol) at pH 7.5 and 5.5, respectively, with dissociation constants (Kd) of 2.7 and 4 mM. This pH dependence probably reflects different conformations of the protein at the two pH values. Conformational differences of chromogranin A at two different pH values were demonstrated by limited tryptic digestion patterns confirming previous results obtained by circular dichroism spectroscopy (Yoo, S. H., and Albanesi, J. P. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 14414-14421). Sedimentation equilibrium studies revealed the native molecular mass of chromogranin A to be 100 kDa at pH 7.5 ad 192 kDa at pH 5.5, indicating dimeric and tetrameric states of the protein at the two pH levels. We postulate that the pH- and Ca2+-induced conformational changes of chromogranin A may have a role both in the regulation of Ca2+ release of chromaffin granules and in the early stages of secretory vesicle biogenesis.

AB - Chromogranin A, the major intravesicular protein of adrenal chromaffin granules, bound Ca2+ in a pH-dependent manner. Both the maximal binding and affinity of chromogranin A for Ca2+ were dependent on pH. Chromogranin A bound 670 nmol of Ca2+/mg (32 mol/ mol) and 1150 nmol of Ca2+/mg (55 mol/mol) at pH 7.5 and 5.5, respectively, with dissociation constants (Kd) of 2.7 and 4 mM. This pH dependence probably reflects different conformations of the protein at the two pH values. Conformational differences of chromogranin A at two different pH values were demonstrated by limited tryptic digestion patterns confirming previous results obtained by circular dichroism spectroscopy (Yoo, S. H., and Albanesi, J. P. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 14414-14421). Sedimentation equilibrium studies revealed the native molecular mass of chromogranin A to be 100 kDa at pH 7.5 ad 192 kDa at pH 5.5, indicating dimeric and tetrameric states of the protein at the two pH levels. We postulate that the pH- and Ca2+-induced conformational changes of chromogranin A may have a role both in the regulation of Ca2+ release of chromaffin granules and in the early stages of secretory vesicle biogenesis.

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