Hyperglycemia, Risk of Subsequent Stroke, and Efficacy of Dual Antiplatelet Therapy: A Post Hoc Analysis of the POINT Trial

Brian Mac Grory, Jonathan P. Piccini, Shadi Yaghi, Sven Poli, Adam De Havenon, Sara K. Rostanski, Martin Weiss, Ying Xian, S. Claiborne Johnston, Wuwei Feng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background One-quarter of all strokes are subsequent events. It is not known whether higher levels of blood glucose are associated with an increased risk of subsequent stroke after high-risk transient ischemic attack or minor ischemic stroke. Methods and Results We performed a secondary analysis of the POINT (Platelet Oriented Inhibition in New TIA and Minor Ischemic Stroke) trial to evaluate the relationship between serum glucose hyperglycemia (≥180 mg/dL) versus normoglycemia (<180 mg/dL) before enrollment in the trial and outcomes at 90 days. The primary end point was subsequent ischemic stroke modeled by a multivariable Cox model with adjustment for age, sex, race, ethnicity, study treatment assignment, index event, and key comorbidities. Of 4878 patients included in this study, 267 had a recurrent stroke. There was a higher hazard of subsequent stroke in patients with hyperglycemia compared with normoglycemia (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.50 [95% CI, 1.05-2.14]). Treatment with dual antiplatelet therapy was not associated with a reduced hazard of subsequent stroke in patients with hyperglycemia (HR, 1.18 [95% CI, 0.69-2.03]), though the wide confidence interval does not exclude a treatment effect. When modeled as a continuous variable, there was evidence of a nonlinear association between serum glucose and the hazard of subsequent stroke (P<0.001). Conclusions Hyperglycemia on presentation is associated with an increased risk of subsequent ischemic stroke after high-risk transient ischemic attack or minor stroke. A rapid, simple assay of serum glucose may be a useful biomarker to identify patients at particularly high risk of subsequent ischemic stroke. Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT0099102.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e023223
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • antithrombotic therapy
  • clinical trial
  • diabetes
  • hyperglycemia
  • ischemic stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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