Imaging-Based Subtyping for Psychiatric Syndromes

Elena I. Ivleva, Halide B. Turkozer, John A. Sweeney

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Despite considerable research evidence demonstrating significant neurobiological alterations in psychiatric disorders, incorporating neuroimaging approaches into clinical practice remains challenging. There is an urgent need for biologically validated psychiatric disease constructs that can inform diagnostic algorithms and targeted treatment development. In this article, we present a conceptual review of the most robust and impactful findings from studies that use neuroimaging methods in efforts to define distinct disease subtypes, while emphasizing cross-diagnostic and dimensional approaches. In addition, we discuss current challenges in psychoradiology and outline potential future strategies for clinically applicable translation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-44
Number of pages10
JournalNeuroimaging Clinics of North America
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • Disease subtypes
  • MR imaging
  • Neuroimaging
  • Psychiatric disorders
  • Psychoradiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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