Impact of severe obesity on exercise performance in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction

Satyam Sarma, James MacNamara, Sheryl Livingston, Mitchel Samels, Mark J. Haykowsky, Jarett Berry, Benjamin D. Levine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Obesity plays an important role in functional impairment in HFpEF. The mechanisms underlying decreased functional capacity in obese HFpEF are not clear. We assessed the cardiac and peripheral determinants of exercise performance in HFpEF patients with class 2 obesity in the upright position, representative of posture when performing functional activities. Methods and Results: Thirty-two HFpEF patients were divided into two groups by presence of class 2 obesity (C2, BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2, n = 14) and non-C2 (BMI < 35 kg/m2, n = 18). Participants performed a bout of submaximal exercise followed by incremental stages of treadmill exercise to determine peak aerobic power (peak VO2). Peak VO2 and Ve/VCO2 were measured using Douglas bags while cardiac output (Qc) and stroke volume (SV) were measured by acetylene rebreathing. The C2 group were younger than the non-C2 group (67 ± 6 versus 73 ± 6 years; p =.009). Comorbid condition burden was similar between groups. Peak VO2 indexed to body mass was not significantly different between groups. Absolute peak VO2 was higher in the C2 group secondary to a larger peak Qc (14.3 versus 11.0 L/min; p =.012). SV reserve was also higher in the C2 group (72 versus 49%; p =.038). Conclusion: HFpEF patients with severe obesity had similar cardiorespiratory fitness compared to patients with lower BMI with similar comorbidity burden. Absolute VO2 was actually higher in the severely obese driven by larger Qc and SV reserve arguing against significant effects from obesity per se on aerobic performance. The presence of a larger “cardiac engine” may offer potential for fat-loss strategies to improve impairments in functional capacity in obese patients with HFpEF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere14634
JournalPhysiological Reports
Volume8
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • HFpEF
  • exercise
  • obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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