Importance of balancing follow-up time and impact of oral-anticoagulant users’ selection when evaluating medication adherence in atrial fibrillation patients treated with rivaroxaban and apixaban

Craig Coleman, Zhong Yuan, Jeff Schein, Concetta Crivera, Veronica Ashton, François Laliberté, Patrick Lefebvre, Eric D. Peterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Studies comparing medications adherence have become common yet they often do not account for differences in relative follow-up. Patient selection criteria may impact validity and comparability of these studies as well. Methods: Adults with non-valvular atrial fibrillation, ≥1 rivaroxaban or apixaban dispensing (index date), and ≥1 year of pre-index eligibility were selected from IMS Health Real World Data Adjudicated Claims (IMS RWD Adjudicated Claims) and Truven Health MarketScan Research (Truven MarketScan) databases. Adherence was evaluated using proportion of days covered (PDC) ≥ 0.8 for treatment cohorts: (1) unmatched, with different follow-up, (2) propensity-score matched with similar follow-up, (3) matched, with similar follow-up and ≥2 rivaroxaban or apixaban dispensings, and (4) matched, with similar follow-up and chronic medication users only. Robustness was verified with PDC ≥0.9. Results: In the IMS RWD Adjudicated Claims database, rivaroxaban users had a longer mean follow-up than apixaban users (408 versus 254 days, respectively; p <.01). While crude comparisons demonstrated lower adherence rates for rivaroxaban than apixaban (−12.4 percentage points [pp]; p <.05), these difference attenuated after matching and (1) balancing follow-up (−2.2 pp; p <.05), (2) excluding single-time medication users (0.2 pp; p >.05), and reversed after (3) excluding non-chronic medication users (5.0 pp; p <.05). Results obtained were consistent when these analyses were repeated within the Truven MarketScan databases and when using a PDC ≥0.9. Conclusion: Medication adherence comparisons need to account for differences in follow-up. Selection of chronic medication users may impact comparative adherence advantage between medications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1033-1043
Number of pages11
JournalCurrent Medical Research and Opinion
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 3 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anticoagulants
  • Apixaban
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Medication adherence
  • Retrospective studies
  • Rivaroxaban

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Importance of balancing follow-up time and impact of oral-anticoagulant users’ selection when evaluating medication adherence in atrial fibrillation patients treated with rivaroxaban and apixaban'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this