Improving adherence to heart failure management guidelines via abductive reasoning

Zhuo Chen, Elmer Salazar, Kyle Marple, Gopal Gupta, Lakshman Tamil, Daniel Cheeran, Sandeep Das, Alpesh Amin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Management of chronic diseases, such as heart failure, is a major public health problem. A standard approach to managing chronic diseases by medical community is to have a committee of experts develop guidelines that all physicians should follow. Due to their complexity, these guidelines are difficult to implement and are adopted slowly by the medical community at large. We have developed a physician advisory system that codes the entire set of clinical practice guidelines for managing heart failure using answer set programming. In this paper, we show how abductive reasoning can be deployed to find missing symptoms and conditions that the patient must exhibit in order for a treatment prescribed by a physician to work effectively. Thus, if a physician does not make an appropriate recommendation or makes a non-adherent recommendation, our system will advise the physician about symptoms and conditions that must be in effect for that recommendation to apply. It is under consideration for acceptance in TPLP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)764-779
Number of pages16
JournalTheory and Practice of Logic Programming
Volume17
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

Fingerprint

Heart Failure
Chronic Disease
Reasoning
Recommendations
Recommender systems
Public health
Medical problems
Recommendation System
Answer Set Programming
Public Health
Entire
Community

Keywords

  • abduction
  • answer set programming
  • chronic disease management
  • knowledge representation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Artificial Intelligence

Cite this

Improving adherence to heart failure management guidelines via abductive reasoning. / Chen, Zhuo; Salazar, Elmer; Marple, Kyle; Gupta, Gopal; Tamil, Lakshman; Cheeran, Daniel; Das, Sandeep; Amin, Alpesh.

In: Theory and Practice of Logic Programming, Vol. 17, No. 5-6, 01.09.2017, p. 764-779.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chen, Zhuo ; Salazar, Elmer ; Marple, Kyle ; Gupta, Gopal ; Tamil, Lakshman ; Cheeran, Daniel ; Das, Sandeep ; Amin, Alpesh. / Improving adherence to heart failure management guidelines via abductive reasoning. In: Theory and Practice of Logic Programming. 2017 ; Vol. 17, No. 5-6. pp. 764-779.
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