We have used a recombinant bacteriophage that expresses the DNA-binding domain of C/EBP to optimize conditions for a screening technique that may facilitate the cloning of genes that encode sequence-specific DNA-binding proteins. The method relies on the expression of cDNA inserts in bacteriophage lambda gt11. Fusion protein adsorbed onto nitrocellulose filters is probed with radioactive, double-stranded DNA as a ligand. Two procedures greatly increase the level of binding between ligand and recombinant fusion protein. First, nitrocellulose filters are processed through a denaturation/renaturation regimen using 6 M guanidine hydrochloride. Second, synthetic DNA corresponding to the specific binding site is catenated extensively using DNA ligase. The combination of these procedures leads to remarkably strong detection signals. Specific DNA-binding signals can be detected on duplicate filters, and filters can be washed and reused by repeating the cycle of denaturation/renaturation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Biology