DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs) is well known as a critical component involving the nonhomologous end joining pathway of DNA double-strand breaks repair. Here, we showed another important role of DNA-PKcs in stabilizing spindle formation and preventing mitotic catastrophe in response to DNA damage. Inactivation of DNA-PKcs by small interfering RNA or specific inhibitor NU7026 resulted in an increased outcome of polyploidy after 2-Gy or 4-Gy irradiation. Simultaneously, a high incidence of multinucleated cells and multipolar spindles was detected in DNA-PKcs-deficient cells. Time-lapse video microscopy revealed that depression of DNA-PKcs results in mitotic catastrophe associated with mitotic progression failure in response to DNA damage. Moreover, DNA-PKcs inhibition led to a prolonged G2-M arrest and increased the outcome of aberrant spindles and mitotic catastrophe in Ataxia-telangiectasia mutated kinase (ATM)-deficient AT5BIVA cells. We have also revealed the localizations of phosphorylated DNA-PKcs/T2609 at the centrosomes, kinetochores, and midbody during mitosis. We have found that the association of DNA-PKcs and checkpoint kinase 2 (Chk2) is driven by Ku70/80 heterodimer. Inactivation of DNA-PKcs strikingly attenuated the ionizing radiation-induced phosphorylation of Chk2/T68 in both ATM-efficient and ATM-deficient cells. Chk2/p-T68 was also shown to localize at the centrosomes and midbody. These results reveal an important role of DNA-PKcs on stabilizing spindle formation and preventing mitotic catastrophe in response to DNA damage and provide another prospect for understanding the mechanism coupling DNA repair and the regulation of mitotic progression.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research