Increased Erythrocyte Aldose Reductase Activity in Type 1 Diabetic Patients

H. Hamada, R. Kito, Philip Raskin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Elevated erythrocyte sorbitol levels have been demonstrated in diabetic patients. In order to explain the enhanced sorbitol formation, it has been suggested that aldose reductase might be activated by hyperglycaemia. Although aldose reductase activity has been reported to be increased in some tissues of diabetic patients, the effects of varying concentrations of glucose on the enzyme activity in vivo are unknown. To determine whether or not erythrocyte aldose reductase activity is increased in diabetic patients and is affected by glucose levels, we collected blood samples from 10 Type 1 diabetic patients while fasting and 2 h after a standard meal. We measured the activity of erythrocyte aldose reductase after partial purification by column chromatography. The results showed that erythrocyte aldose reductase activity was significantly increased in diabetic patients as compared with non‐diabetic subjects (7.3 ± 0.7 (±SE) vs 5.2 ± 0.3 u I‐erythrocytes−1, p<0.05). No correlation, however, was observed between fasting plasma glucose levels and the enzyme activity, and acute elevation of the blood glucose level did not affect the enzyme activity. 1991 Diabetes UK

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)226-231
Number of pages6
JournalDiabetic Medicine
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1991

Keywords

  • Aldose reductase
  • Erythrocytes
  • Type 1 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Increased Erythrocyte Aldose Reductase Activity in Type 1 Diabetic Patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this