Induction of high levels of antibodies recognizing the neutralizing epitope ELDKWA and the D- or K-position-mutated epitopes by candidate epitope vaccines against HIV-1

Yi Xiao, Xiao Nan Dong, Ying Hua Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Monoclonal antibody 2F5 recognizing the ELDKWA epitope on HIV-1 gp41 has a significant neutralization potency against 90% of the investigated viruses of African, Asian, American, and European strains, but the antibody responses to the epitope 2F5 in HIV-1-infected individuals were very low. We attempted to induce high levels of epitope-specific antibodies to ELDKWA and its three mutated epitopes by candidate epitope vaccines. The four candidate epitope vaccines all induced strong antibody responses at dilutions from about 1:6,400 to 1:25,600. We tested the cross-reactions between these antisera and four epitope peptides. The ELDKWA-specific antisera showed strong cross- reactivity with three neutralizing-resistant mutated epitopes which contain changes in the D or K positions of the epitope sequence. Virus variants containing these changes could escape neutralization by monoclonal antibody 2F5. In immunoblotting analysis, the ELDKWA, ELDEWA, and ELEKWA epitope specific antibodies all recognized rsgp41 which confirms that the antibodies against both mutated epitopes, ELDEWA and ELEKWA, could cross-react with the native epitope on rsgp41. Although it is not clear whether the polyclonal antibodies induced by the ELDKWA epitope vaccine could neutralize the mutated viruses containing these mutated epitopes, it is conceivable that epitope vaccines based on mutated epitopes could induce strong antibody responses with predefined epitope specificity to neutralize mutated viruse containing the mutated epitope. An epitope vaccine, using different epitopes including mutated epitopes, could provide a new concept for developing a new vaccine against HIV-1. Copyright (C) 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-292
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Volume122
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • ELDKWA epitope
  • Epitope vaccine
  • gp41

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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