Inhalant-abuse myocarditis diagnosed by cardiac magnetic resonance

William Dinsfriend, Krishnasree Rao, Susan Matulevicius

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Multiple reports of toxic myocarditis from inhalant abuse have been reported. We now report the case of a 23-year-old man found to have toxic myocarditis from inhalation of a hydrocarbon. The diagnosis was made by means of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging with delayed enhancement. The use of cardiac magnetic resonance to diagnose myocarditis has become increasingly common in clinical medicine, although there is not a universally accepted criterion for diagnosis. We appear to be the first to document a case of toxic myocarditis diagnosed by cardiac magnetic resonance. In patients with a history of drug abuse who present with clinical findings that suggest myocarditis or pericarditis, cardiac magnetic resonance can be considered to support the diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)246-248
Number of pages3
JournalTexas Heart Institute Journal
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2016

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Keywords

  • 1,1-difluoroethane
  • Aerosol propellants/poisoning
  • Arrhythmias
  • Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
  • Cardiac/chemically induced
  • Cardiomyopathies/chemically induced
  • Fluorinated/adverse effects
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Inhalant abuse
  • Myocarditis/diagnosis/etiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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