Inhibition of SDF-1-induced migration of oncogene-driven myeloid leukemia by the L-RNA aptamer (Spiegelmer), NOX-A12, and potentiation of tyrosine kinase inhibition

Ellen L. Weisberg, Martin Sattler, Abdel Kareem Azab, Dirk Eulberg, Anna Kruschinski, Paul W. Manley, Richard Stone, James D. Griffin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Resistance to targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) remains a challenge for the treatment of myeloid leukemias. Following treatment with TKIs, the bone marrow microenvironment has been found to harbor a small pool of surviving leukemic CD34+ progenitor cells. The long-term survival of these leukemic cells has been attributed, at least in part, to the protective effects of bone marrow stroma. We found that the NOX-A12 'Spiegelmer', an L-enantiomeric RNA oligonucleotide that inhibits SDF-1α, showed in vitro and in vivo activity against BCR-ABL- and FLT3-ITD-dependent leukemia cells. NOX-A12 was sufficient to suppress SDF-1-induced migration in vitro. The combination of NOX-A12 with TKIs reduced cell migration in the same in vitro model of SDF-1-induced chemotaxis to a greater extent than either drug alone, suggesting positive cooperativity as a result of the SDF-1 blocking function of NOX-A12 and cytotoxicity resulting from targeted oncogenic kinase inhibition. These results are consistent with our in vivo findings using a functional pre-clinical mouse model of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), whereby we demonstrated the ability of NOX-A12, combined with the ABL kinase inhibitor, nilotinib, to reduce the leukemia burden in mice to a greater extent than either agent alone. Overall, the data support the idea of using SDF-1 inhibition in combination with targeted kinase inhibition to override drug resistance in oncogene-driven leukemia to significantly diminish or eradicate residual leukemic disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109973-109984
Number of pages12
JournalOncotarget
Volume8
Issue number66
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chronic myeloid leukemia
  • Drug resistance
  • Nilotinib
  • NOX-A12
  • SDF-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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