The low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) is a cell surface receptor that binds and internalizes several macromolecules including apolipoprotein E-enriched remnant lipoproteins and protease/antiprotease complexes such as activated α2-macroglobulin. Its function has been studied primarily in cultured fibroblasts and in liver. In the current studies, we provide evidence that LRP is present on the surface of primary adipocytes isolated from rat epididymal fat pads. The activity of the receptor increases 2-3-fold within minutes after the adipocytes are exposed to physiological concentrations of insulin as indicated by an increase in the uptake of 125I-labeled activated α2-macroglobulin. There is a corresponding increase in the uptake of [3H]cholesteryl esters from radiolabeled apoE- enriched β-very low density lipoprotein. The latter uptake was inhibited by an antibody against LRP and by a fusion protein containing the 39-kDa protein, also called receptor-associated protein, a known inhibitor of LRP function. In vivo, rats that had been fed ad libitum accumulated approximately 24-fold more chylomicron cholesteryl esters in their epididymal fat pads than did fasted control animals. We suggest that insulin stimulation of LRP, in a synergistic action with lipoprotein lipase, increases the endocytic uptake of cholesteryl esters and triglycerides from remnant lipoproteins in postprandial adipocytes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology